The plants have returned as decorative elements in our homes. They also improve the quality of your home due to your air purification talents.
In 1989, NASA published the results of its Clean Air Study, indicating which plants could best neutralize toxic chemicals in the air, a useful research for space stations where people spend a lot of time in the same ventilated air.
This research is still useful today, especially for us, the inhabitants of urban areas, since we breathe smog, smoke and the air of the offices that are not healthy on a daily basis.
When we return home, we are still exposed to unwanted chemicals, such as formaldehyde and xylene (found in furniture and household products).
While this is a factor that we can not personally control, we can, to some extent, control the quality of the air in our homes.
2.0. What’s the Deal?
Since people spend more than 90 percent of their time indoors, air quality is important. Furniture, upholstery, synthetic building materials and cleaning products in homes and offices can emit a variety of toxic compounds, such as formaldehyde.
Indoor air pollution can also be caused by pollen, bacteria and molds, since pollutants from outside air, such as automobile exhaust, penetrate buildings.
All this gets worse in small spaces or with little ventilation (like maybe your apartment with that window that accidentally closed last year).
The good news is that there is an easy and affordable way to combat the presence of the disgusting things we may be breathing, and they come directly from the natural world.
The plants purify the air, which makes them part of what NASA calls “the life support system of nature.” It has been shown that adding potted plants to a room reduces the amount of air particles (although flowering plants can contribute their own compounds to the air).
So, how do the indoor plants clean the air?
Plants absorb some of the particles from the air while absorbing carbon dioxide, which is then processed into oxygen through photosynthesis.
But that’s not all: the microorganisms associated with the plants are present in the soil of the pot, and these microbes are also responsible for much of the cleaning effect.
Beyond air quality, plants only make people feel better. For example, hospital patients with plants in their rooms were more positive and had lower levels of blood pressure and stress.
Similarly, indoor plants can make people smarter by allowing them to be alert and reduce mental fatigue.
3.0. What you need to do
While indoor plants can intimidate those who have a “black thumb” or fear of compromise, it turns out that many plants are easy to care for, so easy that, in fact, you would have to work hard to kill them. Next, we have compiled a list of nine virtually indestructible plants inspired by NASA’s research.
Each type of plant has its own favorite environmental conditions, so look for a label that comes with the plant or online to find out how much sunlight and water you will need.
If your plant does not come in a beautiful pot, or if it exceeds the previous one, you can easily repot it.
Simply find a pot that is at least one centimeter larger than the previous container, add potting soil to the bottom and place the plant so that the top of the soil remains at the same level as before. Finally, carefully pack the soil around the edges of the plant and water it. Voilà!
4.0. Air Purifying Plants
4.1. Mother-in-Law’s Tongue
The tongue-like, long leaves with sharp, pointy tips give Sansevieria trifasciata the euphemistically charitable name of the mother-tongue, although some variations also resemble the geometric scales of a snake.
The robust leaves of Sansevieria shoot up majestically, with beautiful twists and turns that resemble a band of mobius.
One of the main air purification plants recognized by NASA, Sansevieria eradicates at least 107 known air pollutants, as well as carbon monoxide and nitrogen monoxide, formaldehyde, chloroform, benzene, xylene and trichlorethylene, among many others.
Sansevieria also produces large amounts of oxygen at night, which makes it an excellent plant to store in the bedroom.
Best of all, Sansevieria is an extremely hardy species that can go weeks without water and seems to thrive in almost any climate, even in low light, although sometimes they appreciate direct sunlight and fresh air, which is characteristic of its native habitat of Madagascar.
4.2. Aloe Vera
In tallying to being easy to care for, aloe makes some serious health claims. The leaves of the plant encompass a clear liquid full of vitamins, enzymes, amino acids and other compounds that have antibacterial, healing, and anti-inflammatory properties, and there is evidence that aloe can help (and is unlikely to hurt) the skin conditions such as psoriasis.
4.3. Bamboo Palm
Also known as the palm of the butterfly and the palm of the areca, the bamboo palm is another resistant plant native to Madagascar that does an excellent job as an indoor plant, air purifier, with a particular predilection for formaldehydes, benzene and carbon monoxide.
As an additional benefit beyond purification of the air, Chrysalidocarpus lutescens is also a natural humidifier, which produces one liter of environmental water every 24 hours, which makes it a suitable plant for dry climates or with respiratory problems.
Bamboo palms grow rapidly and can be quite large (up to 20 feet tall), but can limit their vertical reach by keeping them confined to smaller pots.
They prefer bright, filtered light and enjoy being watered frequently when they grow, however, in the winter months they tend to need less.
4.4. Spider Plant
The spider plant is not only very easy to care for and keep alive, but it is also an effective air purifier, banishment of formaldehyde, benzene and xylene, found in cleaners, paints and pesticides of their environment.
Keep one in a pot and cut its small seedlings to use as air plants (no pun).
4.5. Boston Fern
These plants prefer to clean the air of a cool place with high humidity and indirect light. They are relatively easy to grow, but they need to stay moist.
Check the Boston fern floor daily to see if you need water and give it a good soak once a month. Eliminates formaldehyde and xylene.
4.6. Peace Lily
The lily of peace is a deep green forest plant with beautiful white flowers (although fickle). It is an excellent general cleaner and an air purification plant that effectively removes all common indoor contaminants generated by furniture, electronics and cleaning products, so much so that it is one of NASA’s best-rated plants for this purpose.
A Peace Lily does well with indirect light and requires minimal watering, with the general pattern once every four or five days. In warmer climates, you may need water more often and you will know you are behind when the leaves start to cry.
4.7. Ficus/Weeping Fig
Although ficus is a tree in its native home in Southeast Asia, when it grows indoors, it is a hardy plant that ends up between two and 10 feet tall.
So, why not stay at peace with that? Grow this low maintenance indoor plant with bright and indirect light and let the soil dry between waterings.
Although this plant has some serious air cleaning skills, it can also be taken outside in late spring and returned to the house when temperatures are warm and well above freezing.
4.8. Money Plant
Originally from Australia and Asia, the money plant earns its common name for its traditional use as an impetus for wealth and prosperity in the Chinese feng shui system, which is the ancient art of harmonizing interior spaces through the strategic placement of furniture, plants and others. Common household objects.
Whether or not it provides you with an abundance of materials, Epipremnum aureum is a powerful air purifying plant that cleans the air of your house very effectively, due to its particular affinity for volatile organic compounds (also known as VOC), most commonly in the form of degassing synthetic paint or carpets.
With long, wandering vines, do not be surprised if your Money Plant slowly takes over your room, with vines that reach 30 to 40 feet.
Of course, you can trim them if you want to keep your plant more modest. Epipremnum aureum performs better in rooms with indirect light and requires regular watering.
Keep in mind that, however, the leaves of the plant are toxic when ingested and if you have dogs, cats or small children, you may want to keep the plant suspended in a pot out of reach.
There are more than 40 different types of Dracaena plants, which makes it easy to find one that fits perfectly in your home or office.
They are common foliage plants with long, broad leaves that are often varied with white, cream or red lines. However, pet owners may want to select a different plant, since they are toxic to cats and dogs.
4.10. Garden Mum
In NASA’s research, this plant was an air purifying champion, removing ammonia, benzene, formaldehyde and xylene from indoor air.
Popular and economical in the garden shops, they can be planted outside once they finish blooming.