A big part of China’s travel fun is checking out all the various styles of authentic Chinese food. Chinese love to use herbs and spices to greatly vary the flavors of their food.

You’ll be familiar with some of the herbs and spices on this 7 list and some will be new and even unusual. You will know what spice or herb looks like, its health effects, any health alerts and what Chinese use it for.

Health Benefits of Chinese Herbs/Spices

benefits of Chinese herbs and spicesThe Chinese food and health philosophy is that food should actually be turned into a beneficial medicine for what they call food therapy, and they depend heavily on herbs and spices to prepare the kinds of meals they need to keep themselves safe and fit.

Chinese cooks rely on herbs and spices to create a balance that encourages wellness, prevents illnesses and help recover from injury in order to help create balanced flavors and produce a harmony of flavors.

1. Garlic

Smash a clove of garlic and breathe in the pungent smell. That famous odor comes from allicin by-products, believed that the sulfur compound was responsible for most of the medicinal benefits of the herb. It is what gives garlic its “bite”.

When consumed regularly, garlic can help reduce the risk of heart disease by up to 76 per cent. How? How? By moderately reducing cholesterol levels (in some studies between 5 and 10 percent), thinning the blood, thus staying off harmful clots, and functioning as an antioxidant.

Here are Ten Benefits of Garlic

1. Lung Cancer Risk

According to a report conducted at the Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention in China, people who eat raw garlic at least twice a week during the 7 year study period had a 44 percent lower risk of developing lung cancer. (R)

The researchers, who published their research in the journal Cancer Prevention Research, conducted face-to-face interviews with 1,424 patients with lung cancer and 4,543 healthy people. They have been asked about their diet and lifestyle, including smoking problems and how much they eat garlic.

The study authors wrote: “Protective association between intake of raw garlic and lung cancer has been observed with a dose-response pattern, suggesting that garlic may potentially serve as a chemopreventive agent for lung cancer.”

2. Brain Cancer

Organo-sulfur compounds present in garlic are known as being effective in the destruction of glioblastoma cells, a form of deadly brain tumor. (R)

In the journal Cancer, scientists from the Medical University of South Carolina announced that three pure organosulfur compounds made from garlic – DAS, DADS, and DATS – “demonstrated efficacy in eradicating brain cancer cells, but DATS proved to be the most effective.”

Co-author, Ray Swapan, Ph.D., said “This research highlights the great promise of plant-originated compounds as a natural medicine for controlling the malignant growth of human brain tumor cells. More studies are needed in animal models of brain tumors before application of this therapeutic strategy to brain tumor patients.”

3. Hip Osteoarthritis

Women whose diets were high in allium vegetables had lower rates of osteoarthritis, as reported in the journal BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders by a team at King’s College London and the University of East Anglia, both in England. Examples of allium vegetables include garlic, leeks, shallots, onions, and rakkyo. (R)

The authors of the study said their findings not only highlighted the potential impact of diet on outcomes of osteoarthritis but also demonstrated the potential for using compounds in garlic to develop treatments for the condition.

The long-term research, involving more than 1,000 healthy female twins, found that those whose dietary habits included more fruit and vegetables, “especially alliums such as garlic,” had fewer signs of early osteoarthritis in the hip joint.

4. Potentially a Powerful Antibiotic

According to a study published in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, diallyl sulfide, a compound in garlic, has been 100 times more effective than two common antibiotics in combating the Campylobacter bacterium. (R)

Campylobacter bacterium is one of the most common causes of intestinal infections.

Senior author, Dr. Xiaonan Lu, from Washington State University, said, “This work is very exciting to me because it shows that this compound has the potential to reduce disease-causing bacteria in the environment and in our food supply.”

5. Heart Protection

Garlic may contain chemicals that protect your heart.

Diallyl trisulfide, a component of garlic oil, helps protect the heart during cardiac surgery and was discovered by researchers at the Emory University School of Medicine after a heart attack. Also, they claim that diallyl trisulfide may be used as a heart failure drug.

Hydrogen sulfide gas has been shown to protect against damage to the heart.

For this reason, the scientists decided to concentrate on diallyl trisulfide, a component of garlic oil, as a more efficient way to deliver the benefits of hydrogen sulfide to the heart.

In experiments with laboratory mice, the team found that the mice who obtained diallyl sulfide after a heart attack had 61 percent less heart damage in the area at risk compared to the untreated mice. (R)

Scientists found in another study, published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, that garlic oil would help protect diabetes patients from cardiomyopathy. (R)

Cardiomyopathy is the number one cause of death in patients with diabetes. This is a chronic myocardial condition (heart muscle) that gets abnormally thickened, swollen, and/or rigid.

The team fed both garlic oil or corn oil to diabetic laboratory rats. Those fed with garlic oil in relative to the animals that were fed corn oil showed substantially more improvements associated with heart safety.

The study authors wrote, “In conclusion, garlic oil possesses significant potential for protecting hearts from diabetes-induced cardiomyopathy.”

Human studies need to be performed to confirm the results of this study.

6. High Cholesterol and High Blood Pressure

Researchers at Ankara University have been studying the impact of supplementing garlic extract on the blood lipid (fat) profile of high blood cholesterol patients. They published their research in the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. (R)

23 volunteers were involved in the study, all with high cholesterol; 13 of them had high blood pressure too. They were broken down into two groups:

  • The high-cholesterol hypertensive group (high blood pressure).
  • The high-cholesterol normotensive group (normal blood pressure).

For 4 months, garlic extract supplements were taken and blood lipid parameters, as well as kidney and liver function, were regularly checked.

The researchers concluded at the end of the 4 months “…garlic extract supplementation improves blood lipid profile, strengthens blood antioxidant potential, and causes significant reductions in systolic and diastolic blood pressures. It also leads to a decrease in the level of oxidation product (MDA) in the blood samples, which demonstrates reduced oxidation reactions in the body.”

In other words, garlic supplements lowered high cholesterol levels and also lowered blood pressure in patients with hypertension. The scientists added that theirs was a small study–more work needs to be done.

7. Prostate Cancer

Physicians at the Department of Urology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China, conducted a study examining the relationship between Allium vegetable intake and risk of prostate cancer.

Published studies were collected and reviewed up to May 2013 and their results were reported in the Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. (R)

The study authors concluded, “Allium vegetables, especially garlic intake, are related to a decreased risk of prostate cancer.”

The team also claimed that, since there are not many valid studies, more well-designed prospective studies should be performed to validate their results.

8. Alcohol-induced Liver Injury

Alcohol-induced liver damage is caused by long-term over-consumption of alcoholic drinks.

Scientists at the Institute of Toxicology, School of Public Health, Shandong University, China, wanted to identify whether dialyl disulfide (DADS), a garlic-derived organosulfur compound, could have protective effects against ethanol-induced oxidative stress. (R)

The researchers concluded that DADS could help protect against ethanol-induced liver injury.

9. Preterm (premature) Delivery

Microbial infections during pregnancy increase the risk of preterm delivery to a baby. Scientists at the Division of Epidemiology, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, researched the potential effect of food on antimicrobial infections and the possibility of preterm delivery. (R)

Ronny Myhre and colleagues concentrated on the effects of Alliums and Dry Fruits, as the literature review described these two foods as showing the greatest potential to minimize the risk of pre-term delivery.

They investigated the consumption of Alliums and dried fruit among 18,888 women in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort, of whom 950 women representing 5% had spontaneous PTD (preterm delivery).

The study authors concluded, “Intake of food with antimicrobial and prebiotic compounds may be of importance to reduce the risk of spontaneous PTD. In particular, garlic was associated with an overall lower risk of spontaneous PTD.”

10. Garlic and the Common Cold

A research team from the St. Joseph Family Medicine Residency, Indiana, conducted a study called “Treatment of the Common Cold in Children and Adults,” published by the American Family Physician. (R)

They reported that “Prophylactic use of garlic may decrease the frequency of colds in adults, but has no effect on the duration of symptoms.” Prophylactic use means using it regularly to prevent disease.

While some research indicates that raw garlic has the most benefits, other studies have looked at the total consumption of allium, both raw and cooked, and have found benefits. You should also enjoy garlic in a number of ways to reap its benefits.

2. Ginger

This has been a major player in Asian and Indian medicine for decades, mainly as a digestive aid. Scientists today are most enthusiastic about ginger’s potential to combat inflammation. Multiple studies has shown that ginger (and turmeric) reduces pain and inflammation in people with arthritis..

It can work against migraines by blocking inflammatory substances called prostaglandins. And since it reduces inflammation, it can also play a role in preventing and reducing cancer development.

Here are Ten Benefits of Ginger

1. It may reduce pain

Ginger contains compounds known as gingerols that suppress inflammation and stops pain in the body. But if you’re struggling with some sort of chronic pain, speak to your doctor about a long-term treatment plan, because it may be something a plant can’t cure. (R)

2. The Anti-Inflammatory Effects Can Help With Osteoarthritis

One common health condition is osteoarthritis. This causes degeneration of the body’s joints, which leads to symptoms such as joint pain and stiffness.

In a controlled trial of 247 patients with knee osteoarthritis, those taking ginger extract were less painful and needed less pain medicine. (R)

Another study found that a mixture of ginger, mastic, cinnamon, and sesame oil could minimize pain and rigidity in patients with osteoarthritis when applied topically (R).

3. It may help protect against cancer

Cancer is an extremely serious disease characterized by uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells. Ginger extract has been researched as an option for many types of cancer treatment.

The anti-cancer properties are linked to 6-gingerol, a substance contained in large amounts in raw ginger. (RR)

2 grams of ginger extract a day substantially decreased pro-inflammatory signaling molecules in colon in a study of 30 individuals. (R)

However, these results were not supported by a follow-up study in individuals at high risk of colon cancer. (R)

There is some evidence, though minimal, that ginger can be effective against pancreatic cancer, breast cancer and ovarian cancer. Further research is required. (RRR)

4. It may help you look younger

You’ll definitely see the buzzword “antioxidant” scattered over your favorite pricey face creams–but that’s for good reason. Promising (yet preliminary!) research indicates that antioxidants help protect the skin from free radicals (environmental pollutants and UV rays), which accelerate the breakdown of collagen and harm the skin.

5. It may help you digest quicker

A cup of ginger tea could help your stomach empty faster, so food does not just sit there after a decadent meal, according to Christy Brissette, a registered dietician and founder of 80 Twenty Nutrition. What’s more, it’s going to help relax your stomach and stave off bloating and the gas.

6. It can reduce nausea

Why, you’re pretty much a nurse, if you offer a ginger ale to your hungover friend in the morning after a nice night out. In general, ginger is a study-backed medicine for nausea, if you are dealing with a hangover, taking an exhausting road trip, recovering from chemotherapy, or enduring the morning sickness of your pregnancy symptoms. (R)

7. It can reduce bad cholesterol

Brissette says ginger will help lower (bad) LDL cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. A small recent study supported these results, showing that control groups who ate 3 g of ginger (about half a teaspoon) three times a day reported substantially higher reductions in triglyceride and cholesterol relative to the placebo group. (R)

8. It may ward off cardiovascular disease

Ginger’s blood-thinning properties could help avert blood clots from forming and reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke. Brissette warns that if you are already taking blood-thinning medication, check with your doctor before adding more ginger to your diet.

9. It may help boost immunity

Why are people relying on ginger lozenges while they’re sick? The same gingerols that fight inflammation also have antimicrobial and antifungal properties to help fight diseases and increase immunity.

10. It may ease period cramps

When you find yourself gripping your abdomen in agony every month, you may want to seek an alternative to ibuprofen, according to Jessica Perez, a registered dietitian. “I firmly believe ginger is one of the best natural forms of medicine,” she says. “It helps with so many inflammatory processes.”


3. Fennel Seeds

Fennel has a licorice flavor. It is thought to enhance Yin in the body, so fennel is a spice that is favored by women.

This is widely consumed in the West, as it is the preferred spice used in Italian and Jewish cuisine and Italian seasonings. It is more widely used in southern China, where it grows. It’s used to make a Chinese curry.

Here are some seven great fennel seed benefits

1. May Keeps Cancer Away:

Seeds also have very strong free radical scavenging properties that help to regulate oxidative stress and shield the body against various skin, stomach and breast cancers. Fennel seeds also have a very potent chemo modulatory effect.

Fennel seeds are considered very auspicious in Ayurveda. They have been commonly used in various recipes in ancient India. Age-old health secrets can be found in the easiest ingredients in our kitchens. We just need to announce it.

2. May Help Regulate Blood Pressure:

Research published in the Journal of Food Science reported that chewing on fennel seeds helps to raise the saliva’s nitrate content, making it a perfectly natural way to keep blood pressure levels under control.

Besides this, fennel seeds are also a rich source of potassium and as potassium is an integral component of cells and body fluids it helps to control the heart rate and blood pressure.

3. Reduce Water Retention :

Drinking fennel tea, as it acts as a diuretic, often helps flush out excess fluids. However, fennel seed helps to eliminate contaminants and minimizes the risk of urinary tract problems. This also has diaphoretic properties which stimulate the breathability.

4. Fennel Tea for Constipation, Indigestion, IBS & Bloating:

The tea is regarded as very useful to relieve indigestion, bloating and constipation because of the oils found in these seeds. Fennel seeds contain estragole, fenchone, and anethole, which contribute to the plant’s antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties.

The volatile oils found in fennel seeds can help kick-start digestion by encouraging gastric enzyme development for those with IBS.

5. Fennel Seeds May Reduce Asthma Symptoms :

Seeds of fennel and its phytonutrients help to clear the sinuses. Sinus is a condition which inflames the cavities around the nasal passages. They make perfect tea because they have expectorant properties to help with bronchitis, coughing, and congestion.

6. May Helps Purify Blood:

The essential oils and fibers in these seeds are deemed very useful for flushing out our bodies of toxins and sludge, thereby helping to cleanse the blood. It is very necessary to include in your foods that help to clean your blood to ensure smooth nutrient absorption.

7. Great for Acne:

The essential oils and fibers in these seeds are deemed very useful for flushing out our bodies of toxins and sludge, thereby helping to cleanse the blood. It is very necessary to include in your foods that help to clean your blood to ensure smooth nutrient absorption.

4. Sesame Seed (Oil)

Sesame seeds are a characteristic flavor of Chinese cuisine, and particularly sesame oils. Fried dishes such as fried rice can be added with the seeds and/or oil, applied to desserts and bread-like treats, and applied with soy sauce to make sauces or dips for cold dishes.

The oil has gained quite a bit of popularity in recent years since extraction (simple hot water flotation or a variety of pressing techniques) is relatively inexpensive. However, when the seeds are fully mature, it is best extracted which means the outer shells burst. The challenge is the manual processing needed by sesame seeds; there’ll always be more demand than supply. [R]

The remarkable amount of vitamins including vitamin E and vitamin K, as shown by the USDA National Nutrient Database, organic compounds and other beneficial components in sesame oil are just a few of the reasons why it is considered so safe.  [R]

Here are eleven reasons to sprinkle some more –

1. Hair Care

According to a report published in the Pharmacognosy Reviews, sesame oil has historically been used for enhancing hair health. The 2014 research on black sesame oil’s bioactive components showed that it can help maintain the natural hair color and prevent hair loss. [R]

2. Diabetes

A pilot study published in the Medicinal Food Journal in 2006 showed that adding sesame oil to the diet can help control plasma glucose levels in diabetic adults with hypertension. In this same population, it is also effective in reducing high blood pressure. (R) More work on a larger sample is required to support these initial findings.

3. Skin Care

Gingelly oil is abundant in zinc, being derived from zinc-rich sesame seeds. Zinc is one of the important minerals for your skin. This can increase the elasticity and smoothness of the skin and reduce oxidative stress, thereby helping to reduce the occurrence of age spots and aging. [R]

A 2018 study by researchers at California State University, USA, disclosed that the topical application of sesame oil to the skin can help create a protective layer and protect the skin from harmful UV rays. [R] Sésame oil has also been used on the skin in some cases to treat fungal diseases.

4. Protects Heart Health

Due to its fatty acid content, sesame oil is a heart-friendly oil. The oil can lower bad cholesterol levels, as it contains a wide range of polyunsaturated fatty acids including sesamol and sesamin, according to research conducted and published in the study “Effect of sesame oil on serum and lipid profiles in rats.” [R] These fatty acids keep the cardiovascular system healthy, and low levels of LDL cholesterol, thus preventing atherosclerosis. If you add the oil to your diet, you might be better protected from heart disease and stroke; however, further work is required to substantiate those initial results.

5. Improves Bone Quality

Copper and calcium, two minerals that are present in sesame, form an integral part of bone production. Sesame mechanisms can help accelerate any bone healing or regrowth. As you get older, sesame oil will help you prevent osteoporosis and various defects in the bones due to aging.

6. Relieves Anxiety

Tyrosine, in gingelly oil, has been directly connected to serotonin activity in the brain. Increased activity can help boost mood by flooding the body with enzymes and hormones that make a person feel happy. In other words, when you are suffering from anxiety or depression, sesame oil may give you a positive boost and turn your mood around. [R]

7. Oral Health

Because of a procedure called oil pulling, sesame or gingelly oil is highly recommended in Ayurvedic medicine and by some dental professionals; this includes placing oil in your mouth and then swishing before spitting it out. Sesame oil has directly related this process to whiter teeth, decreased dental plaque levels, and immunity against certain streptococcus mutants that can make us very sick. This oil’s strong antibacterial activity is the key reason for this improvement in dental health.

8. Anticancer Potential

In the case of colon cancer, studies indicate that sesame oil rich in sesamol lignan and sesamin can help induce apoptosis and prevent the growth of cancer cells. [R]

Gingelly oil contains an organic phytate compound that can protect you against cancer.  In addition, the oil contains elevated amounts of linoleic acid. The vital mineral has mainly been associated with lower risks of colorectal cancer. More studies and scientific evidence, however, are required. [R] [R]

9. Boosts Circulation & Metabolism

High copper content ensures the body will function at its optimal levels, mainly because copper is required to generate red blood cells. [R] With a large percentage of copper in sesame oil, the body will function for a sufficient but not excessive quantity of these minerals, thereby maintaining a healthy lifestyle through the blood supply to the organs and tissues.

10. Reduces Inflammation

Sesame oil is a natural anti-inflammatory agent that is rich in copper. Copper can help to reduce inflammation and dysfunction caused by gout and arthritis. The mineral also decreases joint inflammation and fortifies bones and blood vessels. Using this copper-rich oil in your diet will help keep your frame healthy and durable without any painful inflammation for several years.

11. Prevents DNA Damage

The oil contains a phytochemical dietary substance called sesamol which has antioxidant properties. These antioxidant properties are working to protect against radioactivity-induced DNA damage, according to a study published in the journal Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology. (R)

5. Black Pepper

Black pepper is popular in the West, and popular in China as well. It belongs to the Piperaceae family and is processed to produce various kinds of peppers in different ways.

For example, black pepper is the cooked and dried unripe fruit, the green pepper is from the dried and unripe fruit, and white pepper is the seeds from the plant’s ripened fruit.

Here are seven reasons to sprinkle some more –

1. To prevent cancer:

Piperine in black pepper can be attributed to cancer prevention, and when mixed with turmeric, is twice as effective. The spice also has vitamin C, vitamin A, flavonoids, carotenes and other antioxidants that help eliminate harmful free radicals and safeguard the body against cancers and diseases.

2. Stimulates digestion:

Again, black pepper piperine eases digestion and strengthens the stomach, which then secretes more hydrochloric acid that helps digest proteins in food. Basically, a little bit of pepper in food really does help you digest it quicker.

3. Relieves cold and cough:

Black pepper, in fact, is antibacterial, and therefore helps to relieve cold and cough. A tablespoon of honey does the trick with freshly crushed pepper.

This also helps relieve inflammation in the lungs, often caused by pollution, flu or a viral infection. You may add it to and take steam to hot water and eucalyptus oil. And because black pepper is rich in vitamin C, it acts as a strong antibiotic, too.

4. Enables weight loss:

You may not want to believe this but when it comes to extracting nutrients from food, black pepper is brilliant. And the outermost layer includes phytonutrients that help break down fat cells and improve metabolism as well. It’s the pepper that makes the body get rid of excess water and contaminants if you eat fresh pepper and start swelling. But you need to monitor consumption-it is enough to have a pinch with your food (one meal).

5. Improves skin:

Are you aware that crushed pepper is one of the best exfoliators that nature has provided us with? However don’t use it directly; add some honey, curd, or fresh milk. It also enables the circulation of the blood and provides more oxygen to the skin.

Adding it to your diet is often responsible for unwarranted skin wrinkles. Black pepper is considered to help with Vitiligo treatment, a disease in which the skin loses pigmentation and causes white patching.

6. Provides Respiratory Relief

Pepper is applied to tonics in Ayurvedic rituals for the treatment of cold and cough. Pepper frequently relieves sinusitis and nasal inflammation. It has an expectorant property that helps break down the respiratory tract mucus and phlegm depositions.

Colds and coughs are often handled with soups and stews made from black pepper and other aromatic spices. (R)

7. Improves Cognition

Piperine, one of the black pepper’s main ingredients, has been shown to minimize memory loss and cognitive dysfunction in various studies. The organic compound tends to activate the chemical pathways in the brain. Early research suggests that pepper can help Alzheimer’s patients and those suffering from other age-related or free radical-related cognition dysfunctions. [R]


6. Scallions

The next commonly used type of herb is possibly after ginger and garlic, the varieties of green onions, scallions, spring onions, and similar herbs. Also, they are used in stir-fries like fried rice. They can also be added to the broth, such as the normal noodle soups such as lamian.

As a member of the family Allium, scallions are a close relative of garlic, onions, leeks, shallots, and chives and share many of the same compounds that promote health.

Here are six benefits of Scallions 

1. Aid in Weight Loss

Scallions are low in calories but rich in nutrients, making them an ideal addition to your diet if you’re looking for a few pounds to shed. These also provide a decent chunk of fiber for just 32 calories, supplying you with up to 10 percent of your daily fiber needs. Fiber will help promote weight loss by keeping you feeling complete and reducing starvation.

Besides helping to reduce calories and increase fiber, some studies have shown that scallions can also alter the function of some genes involved in obesity. A 2011 animal research conducted by the Herbal Resources Research Center at the Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine fed 6.5 weeks of mice scallion extract and found it decreased body weight and shrunk fat cells. It also increased levels of a specific protein which helps in fat breakdown. (R)

2. Help Blood Clotting

Vitamin K practically bursts at scallions. In addition, for the whole day, only a half cup will satisfy and exceed your vitamin K requirement. Vitamin K is a required nutrient for many aspects of health but especially stands out for its essential role in blood clotting.

Blood clotting is necessary because of injury, to avoid unnecessary bleeding. This allows the platelets and plasma, two blood components, to form a clot when you are wounded, which will help prevent further blood loss. Vitamin K deficiency can cause symptoms such as quick swelling and bleeding, usually from the gums or the nose.

3. Boost Immunity

Some research has shown that scallions can help jump-start your immune system to prevent disease and infection. This happens mainly by altering the rates of different immune system cells that function to ward off disease and fight against foreign invaders in the body.

In a 2013 animal study conducted at the National Organization for Agriculture and Food Research, by the National Institute of Vegetable and Tea Science, mice were fed scallions, which was found to improve immune function by increasing the activation of these essential immune cells. (R)

Another research published in the journal Food Chemistry isolated a particular compound contained in scallions and found that it increased the production of anticorps to help fight influenza. (R)

Scallions pack a powerful dose of vitamin C into every serving. Antioxidant-packed foods including scallions with vitamin C have been shown to boost immune function and prevent infection. (R)

4. Enhance Heart Health

Heart disease is a significant global health concern and the leading cause of death in the United States. (R)

In addition, some foods, such as scallions, were shown to help promote heart health. In the 2011 animal research conducted by the Center for Herbal Resources Research at the Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine above, scallion extract has been able to substantially reduce many risk factors for heart disease, such as total cholesterol, triglycerides, and bad LDL cholesterol.

Vitamin K is loaded on scallions, which can help protect your skin. Vitamin K prevents artery stiffness by preventing the development of calcium deposits on artery walls. (R) One research analyzed 16,057 women’s diets over a four-year period and found that a higher intake of certain sources of vitamin K was associated with a lower risk of heart disease.. (R)

5. Improve Bone Health

Beyond preventing heart disease and enhancing blood coagulation, the vitamin K found in scallions can also strengthen the bones. Vitamin K increases bone heat by increasing the output of a certain protein required to retain calcium in the bone and increase density in the bones. (R)

A study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research supported 241 osteoporosis patients using vitamin K, which decreased participants ‘ risk of fractures and helped them preserve their bone density. (R)

Vitamin K in scallions will function in combination with calcium and vitamin D so make sure to get some sunshine every day and include plenty of calcium-rich foods in your diets to improve your bone health more.

6. May Block Cancer Growth

It helps fight cancer. Scallions and other vegetables from the allium may block the growth of cancer, especially in the stomach. Researchers aren’t sure how. They assume that a compound called allicin will prevent cells from spreading cancerous or sluggish tumors which is what gives you bad breath.


7. Chili pepper

Chili pepper is used heavily. It is often dried to make chili flakes or chili powder, chili paste, and chili oil. Chili powder, flakes, and paste are heavily used in Chinese cooking, especially in the colder northeast and the Sichuan and Guangxi regions.

This is also commonly used for fresh chili cooking. They can be cut to pieces and used to make sauces or to season food. People in Hunan province like to use fresh chili peppers in their dishes.

1. Boost Immunity

The bright color of red chili peppers suggests its high beta-carotene or pro-vitamin A content. Just two teaspoons of red chili peppers offer around 6 percent of the daily vitamin C value combined with over 10 percent of the daily vitamin A value.

Vitamin A also referred to as the anti-infection vitamin, is essential for healthy mucous membranes that line nasal passages, lungs, intestinal tract, and urinary tract and serve as the first line of body defense against invasive pathogens.

2. Prevent Stomach Ulcers

Chili peppers have a poor-and misunderstood-reputation for leading to ulcers of the stomach. Not only do they not cause ulcers, but they may also help prevent them by destroying bacteria that you might have eaten while stimulating the stomach lining cells to secrete protective buffering juices.

3. Lose Weight

After eating hot chili peppers, all the heat you feel takes energy — and calories to make. Also, sweet red peppers have been found to contain compounds that increase thermogenesis (heat production) and oxygen consumption dramatically for more than 20 minutes after consuming them.

Chili peppers will speed your metabolism up. You reduce your cravings by speeding up your metabolism and increasing the pace you burn fat at. Consumption of chili peppers along with other safe lifestyle habits is commonly believed to improve weight loss.

4. Fight Inflammation

Chili peppers contain a substance called capsaicin which, when eaten, gives peppers their characteristic pungence, produces mild to intense spice. Capsaicin is an effective substance P receptor, a neuropeptide associated with processes of inflammation. The hotter the chili pepper the more it contains capsaicin.

Capsaicin is being investigated as an effective treatment for sensory nerve fiber, including arthritis-related pain, psoriasis, and diabetic neuropathy disorders. When animals were fed a diet containing capsaicin with a substance that induces inflammatory arthritis, they had delayed the onset of arthritis and also reduced paw inflammation significantly.

5. Natural Pain Relief

Nowadays topical capsaicin is a known treatment choice for pain with osteoarthritis. Several analyses of diabetic neuropathy pain reduction trials have reported the advantages of topical capsaicin to relieve debilitating pain associated with this disorder.

Nearly 200 patients with psoriasis were administered topical treatments containing either capsaicin or placebo in a double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Patients administered capsaicin showed substantial improvement, based on a severity score that tracked psoriasis-related symptoms.

The documented side effect with topical capsaicin cream is a burning sensation at the application region.

6. Improves Digestive Health and Metabolism

Some of capsaicin’s biggest benefits are its contribution to health in the stomach and weight loss. Chili peppers, contrary to common opinion, can actually be an anti-irritant to your stomach and a perfect way to treat stomach ulcers.

Secondly, chili peppers are rich in antioxidants and other compounds, particularly in their powder form, which can soothe other digestive problems, such as stomach upset, intestinal pain, diarrhea, and cramps. Peppers can do so, as they activate stomach juices and work against acidity in your digestive tract.

7. May Reduce Risks of Cancer

Chili peppers also provide a possible natural cure to fight cancer. The capsaicin and antioxidants in chili peppers can kill cancer cells in leukemia and prostate cancer according to the American Association for Cancer Research. It is primarily due to the chili pepper’s high antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. (R)

For example, capsaicin inhibits the growth of prostate cancer cells by causing a depletion of primary types of cancer cell lines in prostate cancer cells. There are common findings in breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, and prostate cancer.

8. Supports Cardiovascular Health

Chili peppers can also be an effective, safe way of strengthening the cardiovascular system and preventing heart disease. Chili peppers are high in potassium, a mineral that has many functions in the human body.

Potassium and folate combined will reduce the risk of developing heart disease. In addition, potassium can help to open your blood vessels, which improves blood flow on your body.

Chili peppers include riboflavin and niacin, too. The latter is responsible for maintaining safe levels of cholesterol, and in turn, reduce the risk of heart disease. Chili peppers can also protect the fats from free radicals in your blood..

For example, one study found fresh chili eating increased blood fat resistance to oxidation, which is free radical damage to your triglycerides and cholesterol levels. (R)

9. May Improve Cognitive Functions

A sufficient amount of oxygen and iron is one of the main ways of maintaining a healthy cognitive output. Luckily chili peppers are iron-rich. That contributes to an increase in your brain’s blood flow and hemoglobin levels.

Chili peppers will in effect help to boost your cognitive efficiency. These can also reduce the risk of developing neurological problems such as dementia, and Alzheimer’s.

10. Promotes Red Blood Cell Growth

Chili peppers can also assist with the production of new blood cells, in addition to maintaining heart health. That is because the chili peppers are abundant in iron and copper. As such, they can treat anemia and fatigue symptoms.

In addition, chili peppers also contain folic acid, which is important in the battle against anemia and in the development of healthy red blood cells. This is particularly important for pregnant women since folic acid deficiency may mean birth defects in newborn babies.

11. Keeps Your Hair and Skin Healthy

Vitamin C in chili peppers not only strengthens the immune system. It also generates and preserves collagen, a crucial protein found in healthy skin and hair. Cayenne pepper, in particular, is a fantastic natural ingredient that can add some spice to a beauty routine.

To relieve skin irritation, cayenne pepper can be blended into a face mask. It can treat lines, signs of acne and dark spots, too. This can be achieved by cayenne pepper as it ultimately stimulates blood flow which leads to flawless skin.

Cayenne pepper combined with olive oil can also produce a fantastic hair mask to add some luster and shine to your hair.

Take Away

To take full advantage of all these herbs and spice’s benefits, it is important that you store it in the best possible way. It’s suggested to buy them while they are still fresh. It not only means the spice maintains its flavor but it also lasts longer.

There is a saying that “too much of everything is bad”. You are advised to consume a considerate amount of these herbs and spice.