Insolation or heat stroke is very common when temperatures are high, such as in summer.
Heat stroke or heat stroke is a part of hyperthermia, that is, the group of heat-related disorders, and can lead to very dangerous consequences such as damage to internal organs of the body and even death.
Symptoms of heat stroke include a body temperature of 40 degrees or more and mental confusion, among others. To avoid this problem it is important to drink water regularly, wear loose clothes and not expose yourself directly to the sun for a long time.
Next, we will review what insolation is and what its causes are, what symptoms it presents, what is the treatment that is carried out in these cases and how we can avoid suffering this body-related disorder.
Heat Stroke: What is it and causes
Heat stroke also called heat stroke, is part of heat disorders. These types of disorders are a group of diseases caused by prolonged exposure to hot temperatures, restricted fluid intake or the failure of the body temperature regulation mechanisms. Disorders of heat exposure include heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke or heat stroke. In this article, we are going to talk only about heat stroke.
Also, hyperthermia is the general name given to this type of heat-related illness. Heat stroke or heatstroke is one of the most common forms of hyperthermia; This heat disorder is especially dangerous and requires immediate medical attention.
Heat stroke and heat stroke, like all heat disorders, are harmful to individuals regardless of their age. Even so, the seriousness of these increases in the case of children and the elderly. Heat stroke can be life-threatening and, given that the number of people dying from heatstroke is very high, immediate medical attention is essential when problems start.
Heat stroke, such as heat exhaustion, is also the result of prolonged exposure to high temperatures, restriction of fluid intake, or failure of the body temperature regulation mechanisms. However, the severity of the impact on the body is much greater with a heat stroke.
In very hot climates or during excessive exercise activity, the body perspires (sweats). As the sweat evaporates from the skin, the body cools. If the body loses too much salt and fluids the symptoms of dehydration may arise, which in turn can trigger heatstroke.
The heat stroke is caused by overexposure of the organism to extreme heat, which causes an error in the mechanisms of regulation of body temperature. In isolation, it reaches a dangerous level, as high as 41.1 degrees.
Symptoms and signs of this phenomenon
The main symptom in heatstroke is hyperthermia – specifically having a body temperature above 40 degrees. Other symptoms may include mental confusion with possible combativeness and bizarre behavior, staggering and eventually fainting. Also, the pulse becomes strong and fast (160-180 beats per minute) and the skin begins to dry and redden. In addition, there is often very little perspiration.
The individual who is suffering from heatstroke or heat stroke may lose consciousness quickly or have seizures. Before heat stroke, a person suffers from heat exhaustion and symptoms associated with it appear, such as nausea, headache and the presence of a feeling of general weakness. When the body can no longer maintain a normal temperature, heat exhaustion becomes a heat stroke.
In the diagnosis of heat stroke or insolation, a reading of the blood pressure and the temperature of the affected person is usually obtained. The doctor can also take blood and urine samples to perform more laboratory tests. A test to measure the electrolytes of the body can also provide valuable information about the chemical imbalances caused by heat stroke.
Heat Stroke Remedies
In the case of heatstroke or heat stroke, emergency medical assistance should be called immediately. While waiting for the help to arrive, a quick action must be taken to lower the body temperature of the person. It is important to take the person to a cool place, undress or loosen clothes to allow air to circulate through the body.
Then it is convenient to wrap the person in towels or wet clothes and place ice in the areas with the highest blood supply. These areas include the neck, under the arms and knees, and in the groin. Once the patient is under medical care, the cooling treatments can continue as needed. In the same way, the body temperature of the person will be constantly monitored to avoid overcooling.
In addition, breathing and heart rate will be monitored. Anticonvulsant medications can be administered. Also, after a severe heat stroke, it is recommended to rest in bed for several days. Insolation or heatstroke usually involves a complete recovery in 1 or 2 days. Heat stroke is a very serious condition and its outcome depends on the general health and age of the person.
Heat Stroke Prevention: how to avoid this problem
To avoid suffering from heatstroke it is important to avoid strenuous exercise when it is very hot. Persons exposed to extreme heat conditions should wear loose clothing as well as drink a lot or fluids.
In this sense, it is important to drink water often and not to wait until you are thirsty. If you sweat a lot, you should increase your fluid intake. When urine output decreases, fluid intake should also increase.
In addition, eat easily salted foods replace loose salt under sweat.
Ventilation in any work area in hot weather is necessary and should be adequate. Proper ventilation will promote the effective evaporation of sweat to cool the skin. Finally, if you are exposed to the sun directly, it is very important to use sunscreen.