For the organs to function correctly, it needs vitamins. This is necessary for all stages of life but much more during childhood since it is a stage of development and growth.
Vitamins are essential organic substances for vital functions. The body only produces vitamin D, so the rest of the necessary vitamins have to be provided by ourselves through food. It is for this reason that it becomes extremely important to have a balanced diet that contains meats, fish, vegetables, fruits, and cereals.
WHAT DO VITAMINS DO FOR THE BODY
Vitamins and minerals are considered essential nutrients because they perform hundreds of functions in the body. They help support the bones, heal wounds and strengthen your immune system. They also convert food into energy and repair cell damage.
WHAT VITAMINS DO CHILDREN NEED?
Vitamins for Children #1: Vitamin A
This is a fat-soluble vitamin whose main function is to prevent infections in the body. Provides benefits to the skin and mucous membranes helping them stay healthy. It is also necessary for the development of strong and healthy bones.
Vitamin A can be obtained in orange vegetables and green leafy vegetables, as well as in meat and other foods of animal origin. It is recommended to add milk, eggs, and vegetables of this type to the daily diet.
Vitamins for Children #2: Vitamins B
This is a water-soluble vitamin and its main function is to provide energy. This group contains different types of vitamins, they are B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B8, B9 and B12. These provide benefits to the mucous membranes, the nervous system and also the muscles.
B vitamins can be obtained in cereals and whole foods, also meat and fruits are rich in this kind of vitamin. It is recommended to add eggs, meat, vegetables, and fruits to the daily diet.
Vitamins for Children #2: Vitamin C
This is a water-soluble type of vitamin whose main function is to strengthen the body’s defenses. It is also very beneficial to prevent allergies and to heal wounds on the skin.
Vitamin C can be obtained in citrus and tropical fruits, also in vegetables such as cabbage, spinach, and tomato.
Vitamins for Children #3: Vitamin D
This is a fat-soluble vitamin essential for the growth of children. These provide great benefits to the muscles and much more to the bones as these are reinforced with calcium.
Vitamin D is the only one produced by the human body and it does this by absorbing the sun’s rays. It can also be obtained in the diet by eating bluefish, dairy products, and eggs.
Vitamins for Children #4: Vitamin E
This is a fat-soluble vitamin that acts as a powerful antioxidant. Its function is to keep the cells of the body young, this prevents many diseases. The vitamin E can be obtained by eating nuts and mainly olive oil.
SHOULD CHILDREN TAKE VITAMIN SUPPLEMENTS?
Still on Vitamins for Children, all the vitamins that children need can be obtained through a balanced diet. However, there are special cases of children who need a vitamin supplement, either due to poor diet, lack of appetite, or illness.
There are many different types of vitamin supplements for children, some of them are over the counter but it is always recommended to consult a pediatrician since excess vitamins can also be harmful.
CONSEQUENCES OF THE LACK OF VITAMINS IN CHILDREN
The lack of necessary vitamins during childhood can be the cause of many diseases. If you carefully observe all the benefits of each type of vitamin that children need, you can also know all the possible health problems that may be caused by vitamin deficiency, such as hemorrhages, rickets, scurvy, others.
IS IT HARMFUL TO ABUSE VITAMINS?
Yes. Just as vitamin deficiency has negative consequences, also abusing these organic substances can be harmful.
To better understand this, we have to know that vitamins are organized in fat-soluble vitamins (dissolve in fats) and water-soluble vitamins (they dissolve in water); these last ones are eliminated by the organism when they are no longer profitable, but the first ones accumulate in the body and can be toxic.